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tv   Headline News  RT  August 20, 2013 10:00am-10:30am EDT

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the british government goes all out to block revelations on mass surveillance as a paper that first published the snowden leaks says it has been forced to destroy its trove of data. and scandals continue to unfold around the u.s. national security agency and its surveillance practices we look at how once low key organization responsible for cold making and code breaking has become so powerful. turkey's prime minister claims he has evidence that israel was behind the coup in egypt were the resulting chaos has claimed almost a thousand lives and crippled vital industries. and human tired of desperation as tens of thousands of kurdish refugees fleeing across the rocky border as their homes in theory are targeted by al qaida linked rebels.
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it is six pm in the russian capital you're watching r t on marina josh welcome to the program now the british government's attempts to stamp the tide of articles on mass surveillance gone beyond intimidating the journalist behind a publications well just a day after glenn greenwald's partner was detained at his her airport the guardian's adam came forward describing how the authorities pressured the newspaper to destroy documents provided by n.s.a. leaker edward snowden well we're going to go live to respond to his arsole who's following this story for us in london so tessa tell us how did the guardian staff and they're being forced to rush out their hard drives. well according to the editor of the guardian newspaper alan rusbridger he had written that it would
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happen over a period of two months that he was approached by. officials which claimed to represent the views of the prime minister and had demanded the surrender or the destruction of all the information that they had on the documents and data that edward snowden had given to the guardian so in those subsequent meetings that he had with those so-called security experts or officials rusbridger had said that he was exploiting the job of the god and that they needed that information to continue doing their jobs and to which these officials apparently had told him quote do you have your fun and now we want the stuff back and you've had your debate there's no need to write any more to me know that the debate that this house has a lot to do with the fin line between security and maintaining privacy and freedom of the press no as far as the guardian is concerned they said that they they would continue reporting on as though say n.s.a. documents from edward snowden and if it comes down to it may just move the operation outside of the country and now this so was written by the editor just
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a day after david miranda the partner of glenn greenwald of the guardian a journalist that had first written about the n.s.a. global surveillance information that he was detained miranda was detained up heathrow airport for about nine hours questioned by about six agents now he was detained under such a schedule seven of the terrorism act two thousand this allows the police to basically detain anyone for up to nine i was in question but miranda had told the b.b.c. that he was not actually ask questions about terrorism but in fact questions about the activities of guardian journalists with regard to and they say stories he also talked about what exactly happened at that detention. they were threatening me all the time in saying i would be prudent jew if i didn't cooperate they treated me like i was a criminal or someone about to attack the u.k. it was exhausting and frustrating i knew i wasn't doing anything wrong.
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well there's already been an outcry from politicians understandably journalists but also from the independent reviewer of the terrorism legislation here in the u.k. he said he wanted to get to the bottom of this david anderson also said he wanted a briefing from the home office and scotland yard as far as the home office is concerned and they said that david miranda possessed highly sensitive stolen information that would help terrorism and also be challenged those critics to think about condoning the leaking of the sensitive documents let's get more insight on this so from gavin macfadyen director for the center of investigative journalism from city university thanks very much for joining us but first of all let's comment on what actually took place at the guardian offices where you had a hard drive and computers destroyed what do you make of this kind of action from the government well it's very forceful it's in a country where they would smash it up and smash the people up here they tend to be very polite so it was all done in a rather gentlemanly sort of way but the force of the state the full force of the
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state was behind everything they said and so nobody was going to disagree with it is significant that in the interview with miranda in the airport he was told that he had no rights whatsoever that he had to answer the questions or would be arrested so that violates a fundamental british and american law of the right to silence which is something that's irritated a lot of people here but let's take a step back as a journalist and try to look at this maybe write more rationally when it's understandable that journalists would be upset by this but the government seems to believe that they are justified in their actions that they have the right to do so and that they are in the right saying that the police have a duty to protect protect the public but national security secrets are an obligation if they want to protect the public to tell the public what it is they're protecting them from a generalized statement about terrorism in general doesn't really do the trick you've got to be able to say well the formation he's got would endanger the public for the following reasons. you've got to have reasons for it no such reasons have
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been advanced so they no questions were asked about terrorism they were only asked about the guardian them about the journalism issues that miranda was carrying with them many of which he didn't even know we had in other words he's a courier really for the author he wasn't a journalist himself so you are working for the center of investigative journalism and many commentators have talked about the impact this will have on the investigations what do you think will happen perhaps quite the opposite that more people would want to investigate yeah it'll be a chilling effect if for example somebody goes to prison as a result of this or of respiratory himself is arrested which is extremely unlikely must be said has said in the paper this morning that he has withheld information that he had in fear of the national security state and the implications of that material so he's taking quite a safe course here not a radical one at all but the issue is quite profound in terms of journalism as a whole because it's going to encourage
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a great deal but not so much from journalists it's going to encourage it from whistleblowers exactly the people that they don't want to encourage are going to be encouraged by elders the journalists themselves will be frightened as they always are of everything but the whistleblowers have considerable courage and i think you can expect some extraordinary announcements probably in the next two or three weeks thank you very much for your thoughts there so as we continue to follow this a developing story it does give us a glimpse of perhaps how far it appears that the british government is willing to go in terms of stopping reporting on n.s.a. and global surveillance and getting hold of those documents and i had contacted the g.c.a. today and they said they are aware of the story in the guardian but have no comment to make. things very much indeed for bringing us the very latest on that was our correspondent talking to. the center for investigative journalism. now washington admitting it was notified of britain's plans to. tain david miranda but insists the u.k.
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acted alone lawyer and says that while that may be strictly true u.s. policy certainly inspired the move this is clearly violating the concepts of freedom of the press are we i mean we're talking about a journalist a media outlet for journalists who are now being threatened intimidated and it's the united states just meeting now it's not the u.k. and it's not of the european nations what i believe is the question is do we put out there to all of its allies look anyone related to everett snowden must be detained if they come into your territory and the u.k. and bind it like that and did their duty so without a question washington is the sort of intellectual off there behind the detention of david and whether or not they were directly involved they were notified we know that the white house has admitted to that and that notification in itself shows that the u.k. felt they had to tell the u.s. hey look we've got one of the guys you know it was that they were looking for the
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approval of the united states which i'm sure they got well so far the n.s.a. leaks and the media attention don't seem to have had an impact on the agency's surveillance practices president obama has promised more oversight but not less snooping artistic often of looks at how the organization became so powerful inside america's national security agency i was she rolled her over its legal authority the n.s.a. is a big scary surveillance monster that knows everything we do propelled to mainstream news headlines by controversy the n.s.a. is still largely sharlet in mystery and now headquartered in the fort meade army base in maryland it trumps even the cia as america's most secretive intelligence agency that the n.s.a. doesn't have spies out in the field instead there are more than thirty five thousand employees who pour over e-mails computer searches phone calls and personal data and while it's by laws state the n.s.a. is only to conduct foreign intelligence the agent. see has taken a massive turn toward spying at home but the n.s.a.
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wasn't always so intent on spying on americans it began under a different name in the one nine hundred thirty s. as a secret cryptologic service that broke foreign enemy codes in wartime the attack on pearl harbor pushed america to take intelligence more seriously in world war two the agency's missions including to ciphering communications from both nazi germany and the japanese navy and to encrypt american messages but then came the cold war the free peoples of the world to work for a main trading their freedom and it was the cold war the formal birth of the n.s.a. in one nine hundred fifty two president truman authorized the creation of the agency to coordinate communications intelligence the spy center was so secret at the time the joke was the initial stood for no such agency decades before the agency was collecting massive amounts of phone and internet records it was collecting telegraph records in an operation that raised similar legal issues and
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worries about the lack of oversight in fact its existence wasn't even publicly acknowledged by the government until the one nine hundred seventy s. the watergate scandal brought america's domestic spying to light what. counterintelligence object. was it thought you were achieving in opening the mail what most of us would assume to be very patriotic. americans in one nine hundred seventy five event senator frank church had warned that the n.s.a. spying powers could come to haunt american citizens capability at any time could be turned around on the american people. and no american would have any privacy left such as the capability to monitor everything telephone conversations telegrams it doesn't matter. there would be no place to high in one nine hundred seventy eight the government pacifies a the foreign intelligence surveillance act forced the n.s.a. to get warrants from special courts before it could spy within the u.s. but with fall the. all of the soviet union the n.s.a.'s mission seemed less urgent
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but nine eleven the changed everything terrorism became target number one the n.s.a. would get a big budget man a new mission president bush would go on to sign an order launching the n.s.a.'s domestic spying program and telecom companies were secretly approached by the government and asked to participate in two thousand and six it was revealed that the n.s.a. had been secretly collecting the phone call records of tens of millions of americans using data provided by a.t.m. tea horizon and bell south the n.s.a. had been tapping into people's lives well since then scandal after scandal would keep the n.s.a. in the spotlight what began as a small organization responsible for making and breaking codes would evolve into a super secret multibillion dollar agency with a capacity to pry into every aspect of americans lives and as edward snowden's leaks would eventually show that is person i sleep what it did who seek out front of r t moscow or just remind you that as our cilia is in london following the
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twists and turns surrounding the paper that published the n.s.a. leaks and all her of dates are available on twitter. now a massive stream of refugees from syria has crossed iraq's border where almost thirty thousand people have been on the run from the war zone since thursday most of them are kurdish women and children who have to leave after their homes were attacked by islamist rebels linked to al qaida as well as leader now reports it's another sign that the conflict can be contained within syria. the exodus shows no signs of slowing down and it's straining both very resources as well as those of iraqi relief agencies thousands of syrian kurds are pouring into iraq's autonomous kurdish region now when we talk about the kurds we're talking about the largest minority group in syria they make up roughly about ten percent of the country's twenty three million they have no state of their own which is why they reside in
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parts of syria turkey and iraq the main concern that is being expressed by would be fakin sees is that so many of them are now stuck out in the open at the border or at emergency reception areas with little to no access to basic services and nearly half of them are children these kids are not fleeing the clashes between government forces and rebels but they're running away from the spin off of this conflict their escape in the raging battle between kurds and islamised militia for control of large areas of northern syria where these kurds live as this kurdish journalist explains. regions where the militia of the islamic state of iraq and allies reside how free. because islamists begin to campaign against the kurds who are using to join their ranks ethnically cleansing. the town of. ethnic cleansing operations begin in the twentieth of july when militants launched attacks
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against kurdish villages saying members of the kurdistan workers' party were hiding . al-qaeda linked groups are reportedly aiming to set up and islamised area on islamist region in this particular area this anti could push is that surviving syrian rebels and they accuse the kurdish fighters of siding with the regime of syrian president bashar assad but that is an allegation that the kurds deny they say that they are neutral in this whole conflict that goes well beyond borders while the kurdistan democratic party representative in europe claims apply out of the syrian kurds plays into the hands of those with an interest in prolonging the conflict. and we just some international powers especially turkey are taking a stand against the kurds and support attacks from all kinds of links and the islamic state of iraq and the leavened it also launched thirty illiterate attacks against
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the kurds to give these groups the upper hand and this comes at a time when we should be moving towards peace negotiations where a solution to the syrian crisis should be discussed as well as the kurdish issue yet the rebels have links to foreign states who have their own agendas in syria they want chaos in the area to show that syria is far from stability. and i had on our team their relentless floods that puts ways of russia's far east into a state of emergency we'll bring you more life stories from those who decided to stay put despite dreadful forecasts promising even having a rains that's in a couple of minutes here in r t. well live. science technology innovation all the latest developments from around russia we've got the future covered. you know sometimes you see
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a story and it seems so you think you understand it and then you glimpse something else you hear or see some other part of it and realize everything you thought you knew you don't know i'm tom harpur welcome to the big picture. choose your language. of holy week over the internet or. some of. the consensus here to. choose the opinions of the great. choose the stories that impact your life. chose you access to.
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welcome back this is r.t. turkish prime minister claims israel has a hand in the coup that took place on the third of july in cairo egypt tiber go on says they have evidence of tel aviv's involvement in the overthrow of egypt's former president morsi he also accuses the west in trying to grasp control of other countries democracies i do one side it's an amazing jewish intellectual he man of france two years ago who claimed the muslim brotherhood won't be in power even if it wins the election meanwhile the past week's turmoil in egypt has claimed almost a thousand lives both civilian and in law enforcement where the latest attack seen twenty five policeman ambushed and exact and executed the chaos in the country has raised fears that the violence in my dream egypt's borders but former israeli diplomat your messinger says tel aviv will stand by the military government in cairo because it's preferable to an islamist democracy. and military regime in arab countries as betty that is and it is bad it's non-democratic it's dictatorial but
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it's much much much better then a regime which is terrorist inclined the muslim brotherhood has an agenda which transcends egypt it transcends in fact even the muslim world it's a terror organization which has few elements which are always also civilian in nature the military click on the other hand has an agenda limited to egypt and therefore for the sake of regional stability for the sake of the world at large and for the sake of israel i believe it's much better to have a military regime rather than a muslim brotherhood regime in egypt. the andrus plaguey age of has taken a heavy financial toll the u.s. has frozen some of its military aid to cairo and is considering a permanent bloc and the e.u. has also raised doubts over whether ongoing aid and loans should continue but the main damage to the economy has come from the loss of tourism
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a key source of revenue for egypt. hosts venture capital explains. it's hugely important it makes up twelve percent of egypt's g.d.p. that's equivalent to what u.s. manufacturing contributes to the u.s. economy as well as that one in eight egyptians work in the industry in and around it whether it's in a hotel restaurant water wars or taxes or just this week it's been a bad week because we've had museums and architectural sites being closed down but i just have a look at demonstration as to how those numbers have declined you'll be able to see that in twenty ten the year before the revolution the industry was booming with a record fourteen million tourists or by thirty percent of g.d.p. at that point one in seven egyptians what it plummeted to nine and a half in twenty eleven and is yet to recover a rebound was expected this year but those estimations have now been revised the violence has taken off again so as you can see that it's been
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a time these two years absolutely and there's been warnings come out in abundance from all sorts of countries germany austria sweden switzerland britain even russia announces twenty eleven they've already lost two point five billion dollars if the violence continues to escalate we're looking at three billion by the end of the year that's incredibly substantial when you consider that the egyptian economy is in a fragile state is it isn't because of the violence over the last two years we've had to rely on international aid they managed to accumulate twelve billion from the gulf states but now those loans are lying in the balance because the political situation is obviously different now company is jumping ship to lot of companies beside in the region a lot of oil and gas while the. general motors as well as shell are all there and they too are issuing warnings to their employees and the real concern the overriding concern is investment into the region because we know egypt is very much reliant upon that they have suffered
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a few downgrades recently as well from credit rating agencies to this we don't want the investors follow in the direction of the us. a spoke by adding a terrifying volcano eruption has been caught on camera in japan to check out the amazing pictures of the mountain explosion which sent a thick layer of smoke and ash spewing across an entire city the videos on our website. and a flotilla of spanish fishing boats staged a protest in disputed waters near gibraltar amid escalating tensions between on the am a druid over the territory so find out what sparked the animosity dot com. a state of emergency has been declared in several regions in russia's far east where floods there forcing thousands of people out of their homes are expected to be worsened by more heavy rains the government's promising compensation for the damage an early estimates say costs are already nearing three hundred million dollars
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artie's postcard is in the stricken area where the painful consequences will be long felt after the water recedes. for many in russia's far east the misery continues homes uninhabitable lives turned upside down around thirty thousand people have seen their property submerged causing a logistical headache for authorities r.t. traveled with emergency crews as they conducted one patrol in the village of bella goody. this resident dismissing the chance to leave choosing to remain with her fifteen cats i will leave my pads and they don't evacuate paths where we do take pets i told you we do and i also wanted my books in my records to be rescued no sorry there is just no room for books well there is no point buy new ones once it's over so i'm here to the beater and. the emergency services work isn't restricted to aiding just humans these bears were tricky customers can at least now enjoy dry land after days in this half submerged cage. we feed these
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beers twice a day in the morning and in the evening we've got fodder for them at the moment rescue efforts are relentless there's no rest bite but there are fears the situation could deteriorate we expect things to get a bit worse right now it depends on how much excess water they're going to dump and there's a hydro power station local emergency crews are getting support not just from other regions and volunteers but also the military the defense ministry says almost five thousand personnel are in the region as well as seven hundred thirty military vehicles such as this which helps them get to even the remotest of regions they're also bloats planes and helicopters now it's not just accusations that have been concerning emergency services in recent weeks they've also been reinforcing people's properties and the number of temporary manmade dams have also sprung up including this one just outside the city of black investments with tentative reports suggesting water levels in some parts of the region have already peaked the
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some faint optimism the worst is over. once the water recedes the real extent of the damage will be revealed causing new an untold challenges to the hundreds of people affected here. altie the move region and over the philippines thousands face the same plight the monsoon as a tropical storm have brought massive flooding across the country claiming at least seven lives more than one hundred thirty thousand others have had to leave their homes to rancho rain continues to batter the capital where flights have been canceled and schools offices and ambrosius closed more than half of manila is under water the national weather agency has issued its highest alert saying flood levels will rise. the judge in the court martial of u.s. army whistleblower bradley manning is now considering what sentence to hand down and could announce a decision on wednesday earlier prosecutors demanded sixty years in jail for manning claiming he acted as
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a term an insider in making thousands of classified documents his attorney has asked for leniency saying manning never aim to harm his country but was a lower was found guilty of twenty charges back in july. package. has been charged in connection with a two thousand and seven assassination of opposition leader and former prime minister benazir bhutto he denied the accusation when he appeared in court amid tight security the sheriff returned from self-imposed exile earlier this year to run for office but and up under house arrest on a number of charges including bhutto's killing his trials been adjourned because of taliban threats against musharraf. all coming up here on our team will continue while the stories of those who have enjoyed harsh and sometimes illegal police interrogations in the united states.
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what defines a country's success. faceless figures of economic growth. for a factual standard of living.
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your life in. the face i deserve you. a pleasure to have you with us here on t.v. today i'm sure. the crime is that of viola manville a seventy four year old woman found dead on the twenty ninth of november one nine hundred eighty eight along this dirt track. dozens of suspects will be questioned and all will be released including frank sterling seen in this photograph. two
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years later detectives trained by reed reopen the case and are convinced frank is guilty. a few years earlier his brother had been sentenced to prison for raping viola manning and frank sterling is thought to have wanted revenge. the police are relentless and pressed sterling until he cracks on the eleventh of july one thousand nine hundred ninety one and exhausted frank sterling admits to the murder his confession is recorded. many years later the murder of a four year old girl is arrested he also confesses to the murder of viola manning and traces of his d.n.a. confirm the fact. frank sterling is released on the twenty eighth of april two thousand and ten after serving nineteen years now age fifty for four.

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